An end term review of the program was finalized in October, 2015. The report concludes that positive results have been achieved during the implementation of the second phase of the program in terms of reducing the incidence of FGM in the intervention areas, changing peoples’ attitudes towards opposing the practice, mobilizing religious and community leaders, and in putting the issue of FGM and other harmful practices on the national agenda.
This has been possible through collaboration with and coordination of a wide range of organisations with a solid knowledge about the national and local contexts and the use of a combination of approaches and methods. The program provides important lessons in terms of how FGM and other harmful practices can be stopped.
The major findings of the review exercise include the following:
· a high number of girls have declared they will not be cut,
· many boys have declared they will marry an uncut girl,
· community groups have declared they will end the practice.
· A total number of 112,878 girls are registered as uncut, until year 2014
· High number of people (men and women) reached through mass campaigns through participating in the community conversations, radio programs, participation on anti-FGM trainings and awareness raising sessions.
· FGM has nearly been abandoned in all sites visited. Group discussions with community members and people working in the field revealed that there was a general agreement that FGM is now exceptional.
· In the operational areas of the Program, control mechanisms that make it difficult to cut girls in secret are already in place. Monitoring mechanisms involve coordination among priests, health extension workers who have regular contact with families expecting a baby and/or having small children; government representatives as well as by NGO representatives. When parents are preparing to have a girl cut, this is reported to the police and action is taken to stop them.
· Declaration of zero tolerance to FGM by the three major religious institutions i.e. the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahido Church, Ethiopian Catholic Church and Evangelical Churches Fellowship of Ethiopia could be considered as a major achievement. The Ethiopian Islamic Affairs Supreme Council denounced FGM and passed a fatwa.